Asst. Prof. Parinya Meesuk, PhD
Faculty of Technical Education, RMUTT
Measurement and Evaluation Changes
It is widely known that the epidemic of COVID-19 causes the teaching and management to be suddenly modified, in a way that cannot be prepared in advance, whether the teaching process, media, even accessing to technology. Changes in teaching and learning not only change teaching and learning behaviour but inevitably affect learning measurement and evaluation methods.
The purpose of measurement and evaluation of learners today focuses on two issues, evaluation for the development of learners and evaluation for judge learners’ learning outcomes. The current situation in learning has changed to online, so there is a question of how teachers can measure and evaluate their students’ learning when they are online and not in the classroom.
Online learning in the content of knowledge, teachers can use the methods of testing, commenting through writing reports, discussions, presentations, including interviews, to measure and evaluate learners. But measuring and evaluating practical skills or competencies cannot do so, which is a great challenge for teachers, evaluators, school administrators, educational administrators and the whole system of education.
Skills, performances, and competencies: Measurement and Evaluation online
Evaluation of skills and competencies for online education is not new. But it has never been used actually since there are many limitations. However, authentic assessment is used to solve problems of evaluation of practical skills and performance by assessing the authentic characteristics of the learners, consisting of 3 elements: Task, Context, and Evaluation criterion. Therefore, to evaluate the practical skills and performance from online learning, the evaluation process must be designed. The evaluation process is the task design so that the learners use their knowledge, skills and competencies in production. The evaluation method might be writing, presentations, and demonstrating operations that use materials and equipment to act in the most realistic or virtual conditions possible. The next thing that must be considered is the time required, to be sufficient for the learners to practice and design the techniques used to evaluate as the Rubric scoring.
Evaluation can be done with both formal and informal observations. Evaluation with a portfolio, whether process-oriented, product-oriented, or both blended. Evaluating the performance from a virtual simulation such as an examination writing a research report from the research assigned, or designing a robot’s operation from a specified requirement. In addition, teachers are able to test the level of the actual process by using work samples such as examination of meeting records in real meeting situations, video recording of engine oil change in the garage etc.
Solution for online learning evaluation
The role of the teacher in the measurement and evaluation must clearly analyse the indicators and specify the behaviour to be measured, and specify the criteria for evaluating the performance at each level to the behaviour that expresses, and how the behaviour expression should be scored. Scholars’ efforts in developing Rubric as a criterion for grading have shown in the Rubric bank, Rubric library, which is a collection of various Rubric for teachers to easily use. Furthermore, there are developed software packages to create rubrics such as Rubricstar, Rubric generator, or Teacher rubric maker.
It can be seen that in the age of education management that cannot face each other. There is keeping distance between people that affects learning management and measurement and evaluation. It is a step forward to the world of digital learning equally and thoroughly. In this inevitable adaptation, when viewed as an opportunity, digital learning has gradually entered the education system slowly but continuously. The COVID-19 situation is one of the mechanisms to push digital learning enters in the education system entirely, and the education needs to be handled and improved for all human learning processes.
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